A counterargument is simply a perspective that refutes your main argument for those of you unfamiliar with the term. In other words, if you’re arguing that technology does more good than damage, the counterargument is the fact that technology does more harm than good.
Like to point out: first, I cannot stress how important transitions are in writing effective counterarguments before we look at an example, there are a couple of things i’d. It very difficult – if not impossible – to distinguish between which ideas you agree with and which ideas you disagree with without them, your reader will have no way of following your train of thought and will find.
Another important element of great counterarguments could be the concession – that is, the acknowledgement that some areas of the opposing argument are valid. This is basically the most unfamiliar facet of counterarguments for most students – is not your whole point of the counterargument to “disprove” the opposing argument?
Fundamentally, yes, the aim is to show why your argument wins out. Having said that, the purpose of the concession is always to prove that you’ve seriously considered a concern very very carefully, in a way that is nuanced compared to simple black/white, good/bad terms. When presented obviously, this kind of consideration actually strengthens your argument.
You need to use this template that is general produce a counterargument:
Relating to attitude x, _______________________. using one hand,
-it holds true that _______________________.
-this claim has many merit because _______________________.
-the declare that _______________________ has some legitimacy.
On the other side hand,
-this perspective doesn’t give consideration to that _______________________.
-this claim overlooks the truth that _______________________.
Let’s observe this will play away in a sample paragraph that runs on the individual instance (yes, those are nevertheless fine). It does not make use of the template exactly, but it’s pretty close.
Once again, we’re planning to utilize the sample prompt released by the ACT. For the intended purpose of this exercise, we’re only likely to glance at one of several views; wanting to assist a lot more than that could be too confusing. In reality, you need to generally avoid integrating a lot more than one outside perspective per paragraph, unless you’re a stellar journalist who’s already confident with this particular back-and-forth.
(Abridged) prompt: Automation is typically viewed as a indication of progress, exactly what is lost as soon as we exchange people with devices? Offered the variety that is accelerating existence of smart devices, it really is well well well worth examining the implications and definitions of the existence inside our everyday lives.
Attitude 1: that which we lose aided by the replacement of men and women with devices is some section of our mankind. Also our encounters that are mundane longer require from us respect, courtesy, and tolerance for others.
Thesis: Technology ought to be regarded as a force once and for all since it produces brand new opportunities for individuals along with a more society that is prosperous.
1) Topic sentence: introduce your argument (1 phrase)
Within the last few decades, brand brand new kinds of technology have produced methods for individuals talk to one another more efficiently than in the past.
2) Elaborate on your own argument, and offer a certain instance (2-3 sentences)
From Skype to iphones apps to Twitter, technology erases edges, permitting us to communicate with individuals halfway across the world as though these people were in the room that is next. We have really benefitted enormously from all of these technologies: my loved ones immigrated into the united states of america from Asia once I had been 6 yrs old, and in the last ten years, collecting across the computer to speak to my grandparents and my aunt in Beijing is becoming a regular ritual. Although i’m sorry that people not live across the street for them, even as we did once I ended up being little, i will be however grateful to help you to see their faces and have them updated in the information on my day to day life – a thing that could be impossible without “smart” machines.
3) Introduce outside perspective: 1-2 sentences
Perhaps not everyone is indeed excited about the results of the latest technologies, nevertheless. Attitude 1 provides a complaint that is typical particularly that the replacement of individuals with devices “causes us to get rid of some element of our mankind.”
4) Acknowledge that the viewpoint is not completely incorrect, and explain why (2-3 sentences)
On a single hand, this grievance comes with some merit. Walking across the street or sitting in the subway, i will be frequently struck by the sheer amount of people staring glassy-eyed within their phones. Often they are incredibly busy texting which they almost bump into other people, showing an obvious not enough courtesy and threshold (notice exactly just how this declaration weaves the standpoint obviously to the writer’s argument) .
5) change back again to your argument and reaffirm it (3-4 sentences)
Having said that, however, the many benefits of technology far outweigh an occasional sidewalk that is unpleasant – at minimum from my perspeective. As opposed to separate me through the global world(notice just just how this declaration indirectly refutes the counterargument) , “smart” technology has offered primarily to facilitate my relationships with other people, never to change them.
Just how to compose the brand new ACT essay, pt. 2: launching and discussing viewpoints that are supporting
After supplying a summary associated with brand brand brand new ACT essay plus some feasible methods to it in my own have a glance at this web-site past post , I would like to now talk about one specific – and extremely important – skill taking part in composing it: including other views into the very very own argument for help.
You probably have some experience integrating the ideas of people you agree with into your writing if you’ve ever written a research paper. (and when you have actuallyn’t, you’ll get an introduction to doing this in this article.) Having said that, we discover that most high schools do maybe maybe not clearly show pupils to weave supporting quotations, some ideas, etc. fluidly in their writing. The quotes are there any, but they’re often integrated awkwardly in to the bigger argument.
Frequently, pupils assume they usually do not need to spend some time launching or describing their quotes simply because they appear therefore self-explanatory. They’re here to aid the argument, and then the point of the quotation is obvious…right if the argument is clear? Well, not at all times.
The difficulty is the fact that analytical writing requires even more explanation than may seem necessary. Broadly speaking, people write on topics with that they are familiar. They are often unaware of the gaps in other people’s understanding because they know a lot of about their topics. As being outcome, it merely doesn’t happen to them exactly just exactly how explicit they should be, and so they wind up accidentally making away information this is certainly essential to understanding their way of thinking.
Whenever you explain a thought – any concept – on paper, you need to just take your audience by the hand, as we say, and lead them through each step of the process of your thinking procedure so they aren’t getting lost. Launching other people’s terms or tips in a way which makes clear the partnership betwixt your argument and theirs is just a part that is key of procedure. Otherwise, it is just like you’ve missed ahead a steps that are few making your reader to prevent and decide to try come up with the pieces. If there’s one thing you don’t wish to accomplish to your audience, it make your ideas’s difficult to follow. That is true of college, the ACT, and any other writing you might do for the following sixty or seventy years.
Again, we’re planning to assist the sample prompt released because of the ACT.
(Abridged) prompt: Automation is generally speaking thought to be an indication of progress, but exactly what is lost as soon as we exchange people with devices? Given the variety that is accelerating existence of smart devices, it really is worth examining the implications and definitions of the existence inside our everyday lives.
Attitude 1: that which we lose utilizing the replacement of individuals with devices is some right element of our mankind. Also our encounters that are mundane longer require from us respect, courtesy, and threshold for any other individuals.
Perspective 2: devices are great at low ability, repeated, jobs, as well as high speed, exceptionally exact jobs. Both in full situations, they have been much better than humans. This effectiveness results in a far more successful and world that is progressive everybody.
Perspective 3: smart devices challenge our idea that is longstanding of humans are and certainly will be. This really is good as it pushes people and devices toward brand brand new possibilities.